Thorough reading of Reinventing Organizations

A high stage of organizational development is more of an elusive mystery than a template one can specify and apply. The topic of organizational design has already been covered by practical guides and other resources, yet the topic is broad enough to have left space for multiple points of view. 

Frederic’s work is important. It provides a structure to unpack the stages, with clear divisions, of organizational evolution. It goes so far as to even color code each stage. But most importantly, Frederic convincingly defines the goal for the organizational pursuit of excellence answering the highest calling – human self-fulfillment.

The seemingly insignificant word ‘human’ here stands for self-actualization and the self-transcendence of people in the workspace. Growth through a focus on work performers, rather than revenues, is put forth as the direction for workplaces of the XXI century. 

Laluox takes us on a trip to the past of organizations, with all their military and machine metaphors (many still in use today), to show what hides in the shadows of the dispassionate realities of authoritarianism.

Given the complexity of the subject even the small win is to simply acknowledge the need to change. To transform even if we, as leaders, can’t see an immediate way to make improvements. A potential lack of solutions, however, doesn’t decrease the importance of change. Despite all advances in AI, human organizations will lean toward the more humane and mindful.  

Reinventing Organizations
by Frederic Laloux
Published: Feb 9, 2014
Length: 382 pages (in print)

Time to read: 14h

Related Concepts

The Technology Trap

What can history tell us about how future of work will be shaped by technology? Is there a trend or any parallels we could observe? Anyone puzzled by the questions will find The Technology Trap as a valuable resource. This well research and written book makes it possible to revisit early days of Industrial Revolution and other important moments of technological progress. It is possible to use author’s findings as a framework for thinking about relations between people and technology. It makes it possible to reflect upon current issues with AI and automation from the perspective of similar struggles of lesser degree.

Graphic organizer:

Main concepts:

A deep exploration of topics such as:

  • What was historical root cause of letting technology-driven growth off the hook? 
  • The importance of education in a process of adopting to the job market of the future, 
  • The reasons for workers unrest and fears of labor-replacing technologies, 
  • How technology advances were regarded thought the centuries (starting from monarchs of the medieval age),
  • What is the process of adopting inventions and how many of successful technologies struggled by being ahead of their time.
Author’s lecture
Oxford’s live event, streamed October 14, 2019

The Technology Trap
by Carl Benedikt Frey
Published: June 18, 2019
Length: 481 pages (in print)

Time to read: 19h

Related Concepts

International Business – Int.MBA 10th edition

Here you can find summary of concepts from lecture on International Business provided on October 27, 2019 to the MBA students of 10th edition. In the summary you’ll find list of recommended lectures along with home assignment. Please watch the instructions diligently and prepare for exercises scheduled for Dec 15th.

Visual Thinking: The Doodle as Thought

Thinking with pictures sounds a bit silly, reminds us of kindergarten flash cards as we memorized our letters. And yet, it remains a crucial instrument of complex thought, even a simple diagram can tell you much more than a naked explanation. The very moment of becoming mentally aware is beautifully expressed with a heartfelt, “Ah, I see.”

And yet, especially in business, we often strive for some form of perfectly and rigidly structured communication, as if such were the only way to communicate complex thoughts. So, what happened? (Quick spoiler – we’re going to blame technology.)

Back in the day, visual thinking strategies were considered powerful tools for early philosophers and logicians. As we all know, Plato often deployed visual aids to strengthen his messages, as did Diogenes when he presented his plucked chicken at the Academy, “Behold, a Man!”

Visuals helped not only to spark memories, but also supported understanding as well. Early polymaths, from Isaac Newton to Alan Turing, manipulated visual symbolic representations to illustrate their most complex theories. From Nostradamus to Albrecht Dürer, artists and philosophers of medieval Europe have explored the possibilities of using visuals to express ideas.

Throughout history, artistic expression has been a metaphor for abstract thought, so it’s not all that surprising that we “draw connections” as we reach an understanding. The reason behind this, perhaps, is tied intimately with literacy, at large. The images leveraged by these historic thinkers often provided shortcuts to understanding that those without a comprehensive grasp on the written word could harness.

Easy to Reproduce, Hard to Express

For just a bit of a history lesson, Gutenberg’s invention of movable type revolutionized how information was shared. Suddenly, the written word could be reproduced at scale, making intellectual works more broadly available. This, however, created a bit of friction between the written word and artistic expressions, as the earliest technologies didn’t account for any sort of images beyond those which could be added, once again, by hand. Thus, such illustrations continued to be difficult to attain. A bummer, since in order to reach an understanding, we still likely need to ‘get the broad picture,’ and not get bogged down in ‘the details.’

In order to merge the abstract movement of the hand with the mechanical realm of printing an innovation was needed. To meet the specific request of thinker and artist, Albrecht Dürer, detachable ornamental flourishes were invented. The importance of having images alongside the moveable type is even more strengthen by the fact that it took nearly 30 years to complete them.

Freedom in the Driver’s Seat

Dürer himself suggested an affinity between reason and the free movement of the hand by his inclusion of the name of Reason (Ratio) in his illustration of The Triumphal Chariot (seen below). It is Reason, with the space and freedom to doodle, who is the driver of the chariot. The painter famously suggested that “Many strange things can be constructed from a line by those who think.”

The use of twisting lines to denote the complex activities of the mind has been picked up by many, and has resulted in expressing mind processes with curled spirals in many forms of art. A free forming line seemed a building block from which something greater could emerge. 

The Full Circle

Fast forward to the twenty-first century and we seem to have made a full circle, only this time our freeform visual thinking strategy has been suppressed by the structured rigidity of the digital realm. Interfaces designed to organize stay indifferent to our messy nature, requiring “All fields to be filled before submitting request.” But we human beings, no matter how much we seem to regret this fact, are not machines. Perhaps we need a bit more than to simply “fill in the blanks” before we feel we truly understand something?

Well, luckily for us, we live in an age of innovation, and we need no longer be limited by our technologies, but be enhanced by them.

Map of concepts made in Explain Everything during the process of visual thinking.

The image above demonstrates a bit of what we’re talking about. An open map, free form, limitless, and subject to change, to keep and organize information not by strict definitions, but by endless pursuit. Here we may see where the far reaching lines of our philosophers of old can reach in a medium they could hardly imagine. An open canvas, unrestrained by the natural borders of common pen on paper.

With no limit set upon the words, images, and lines of thought you may bring to bear, we can see the full extent of what those simple doodles might reach. To grasp such a complex concept as the development on AI, with all its many facets, advancements, and ideologies, what better way than to create an ever growing sketch to map out all its intricacies.

Finally, we can bring our thoughts, memory and understanding to their full potential, all while leaving the heavy lifting to the tech. Draw connections as you go and never miss your mark.

Essay published originally on the blog of Explain Everything.