What are the tools of cognition for teachers to use to directly facilitate the specific thinking skills of apprentice learners so they move from being novice thinkers to expert thinkers? 

Hyerle, D. (2009). Thinking Maps: Visual Tools for Activating Habits of Mind. In Costa, A. L. & Kallick, B.(Eds) Learning and Leading with Habits of Mind: 16 Essential Characteristics for Success (pp. 153