The drawing effect: Evidence for reliable and robust memory benefits in free recall

The benefit of creating drawings of to-be-remembered information relative to writing was examined as a mnemonic strategy. We propose that drawing improves memory by encouraging a seamless integration of semantic, visual, and motor aspects of a memory trace.


What Does Doodling Do?

Participants monitored a monotonous mock telephone message. Half of the group was randomly assigned to a ‘doodling’ condition where they shaded printed shapes while listening to the telephone call. The doodling group performed better on the monitoring task and recalled 29% more information on a surprise memory test.

Appl. Cognit. Psychol. 24: 100–106 (2010)
Published online 27 February 2009 in Wiley InterScience ( DOI: 10.1002/acp.1561

Drawing on the Back of an Envelope: a framework for interacting with application programs by freehand drawing

The Back of an Envelope project demonstrates how a calligraphic interface (one that employs a pen or stylus to input freehand drawing marks) can be used in a wide variety of domains, from databases to simulation programs, to 3D modeling, from mostly symbolic diagrams to freeform sketches. The wide variety of drawing types and domains calls for a diverse range of approaches. We describe some of the functionality of our systems, including contextual recognition of symbols and con”gurations and emergent shape recognition, and some of the calligraphic interfaces we’ve built. ( 2000 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.

Keywords: Design; Diagramming; Freehand sketching; Human}computer interface; Knowledge-based design systems; Recognition