A conversation with David Winkelman about, what we call “Digital Visual Literacy” — the skill of supporting conversation and remote calls with visuals to enable people to work more productively together.
Together with David we discussed:
- our innate need for clarity
- impact of visuals in communication
- trust and rapport among meeting participants
- Importance of humour
- our online course: Visual Supercharge on Digital Visual Literacy
Listen to the conversation:
Watch the conversation:
Welcome to the Core Concept podcast and welcome to the conversation with David Winkelman about what we call digital visual literacy, which is the skill of supporting conversations and remote calls with visuals. David has an established change manager and meeting facilitator who shares with me some of his magic that he uses to get people to work productively together.
I know David for years now, during COVID, we both recognise that all our remote conversations could be better supported with visuals. So we design an online course to help people out. We talk about that course during our conversation, among other topics such as eel recognise impact of visuals in communication, our human need for clarity, building trust among participants in meetings, and importance of humour. Together with David, I share a deep passion for tools and methods that empower people. I hope that our conversation proves that. By the way, we have used explain everything whiteboards to collaboratively exchange visuals during our talk. Therefore, for those only listening to this episode, I strongly suggest watching it instead on YouTube or another platform.
And now, I bring your mind discussion with David.
Hi, I’m here with David Winkelman. Welcome to the podcast. Good evening, Bart. It’s always excellent to be with you. Although I should say it’s not a regular podcast, because as an expert in visual communication, and visual facilitation, you might probably want to show us a thing or two.
Yeah, yeah. David, there are few things I’d like to discuss today with you. Well, first of all, we’d like to learn from you how communication can be enhanced with the use of visuals. And this cause How can this be done remotely remote calls like this one. And that the and perhaps we could speak some more about what we have created together. But why don’t we begin from you introducing yourself, together with your background, shall we?
I have been a management consultant to change management consultants in particular, and a visual facilitator for a number of years. And visual facilitation means that I can on a board or a surface of some kind, I can capture what people are saying what’s coming out of their mouth, and I can make it visual, I can create a visual tapestry in real time, so they can instantly see that I’m hearing and if we’re doing it in a group setting, everybody can see that whatever the thoughts and ideas are being captured, with nothing being lost, and then we can all work with those elements on a neutral shared a surface. So we can greatly accelerate and enhance almost any conversation or discussion. Because we have visual elements and to maintain a visual focus. I need to step back and unpack something for people because it’s not something that we normally discuss. And that is the very nature of being human beings and being thinking, conscious, often unconsciously operating creatures. So if we take a look at all the tools are that are available to us as modern human beings, tools, they’re inside us, and everything that we’ve created outside us. I would say what we start with is our mind, right? That’s like the basic tool. And so we are blessed to have two minds. One is a conscious mind. Okay, consciously pour things into. And the other one is our unconscious mind. That’s just filling up that we’re drawing from and it’s really the unconscious mind is, as most of us know, that does most of the heavy lifting. There’s so much in life that we don’t have to think about because we have unconscious minds. It’s it’s trained, you know, it’s all of our automatic, habitual functioning, all of our conditioned responses that’s automatic. You don’t have to think when we’re riding a bicycle. Our bodies just know what to do. So take the idea of these two minds and how they’re wired, how they’re set up. What we see is that our whole reality is based on being clear about what health what and how things are we and we are taking in most of our information visually, right? When we go to school, we don’t ever have to be taught how to see, or how to interpret a filter that just comes naturally. On the other hand, everything else, even speaking, certainly reading and writing, we go to school for for 15 years. So there’s a giant difference between this mechanism of seeing and the other forms of knowing, right. And so as part of being clarity seeking creatures, I think we have basically three ways of seeing things. Well, one is we see through the mechanism of our eyeballs in our sight. And, you know, light photon images are portrayed on the back of our eyes, and then we, we create meaning. The second way, is that we can visualise with things like this. We have symbols, we have words, and we have the ability to interact, and people suggest things and we design and we draw, so visualisation via representation is a huge way that we see in form reality. And then the third thing that has we have going for us as visual creatures, is that we have imagination, so we can create a thin air, there’s been a tremendous amount of research on the fact that we are clarity seeking creatures, and we need, we need those visuals, they’re essential, they’re critical to our operation. There’s some research that suggests that 75% of our reality comes in through our eyes, and is then, you know, interpreted categorised put into classifications, and our ability to see patterns which we’ve been cultivating since we opened our eyes and started looking at facial expressions. We have incredible ability to see patterns, to see details to pick out key details and to notice anomalies, for instance.
I think, that research finds is that we find things more memorable if we if we take them in through our eyes. There’s the just, it’s beyond comparison, even if you take verbal input, right, or any other in comparison to what you can pick in through your own eyes.
Absolutely. And there’s been further research done that suggests that when we see things, as well as when we use things, we literally have what’s called a forgetting curve, that if that if that image isn’t reinforced in some way, or we haven’t seen it, we’ll forget things in a matter of minutes.
And so you were talking about complexity earlier. And part of complexity is that we start with things that are general and conceptual and nonspecific, often invisible. And we cover a lot of this in our course. And it’s and because they’re nonspecific, or they’re invisible, or they’re conceptual, it makes it harder to visualise, if not impossible, so we have, we can attach a verbal label. But if we’re not spinning that around, and applying specific pictures to it, that conceptualization can break down in a matter of minutes.
Was that the trick you’ve been using during those large meetings you were facilitating in the past?
Absolutely. And when you say large meetings, I’m going to show you a picture, okay? Because these meetings featured a variety of methodologies and techniques with large groups of people that made it possible for these teams of people from one company. And typically they were from Fortune 100 or 500 companies to come in with the aim of developing or designing a strategic plan over a three day period, and I’m talking 50 6080 people coming together. So their time together had to be enormously valuable and have a big result. These these design sessions, as we used to call them, were very, very expensive, and sometimes they were betting the company on this group of people being able to accomplish their mission. And so the promise was that these techniques and this is
asembly could effectively accomplish six to nine months worth of work in a week’s time, or even less than a week’s time. And probably the key to that was making everything as visual as possible. So that people were always on the same page, they always have the ability to, to zoom in or out to look at the big picture, and focus in on details as well.
I see a lot of clarity seeking creatures on that on that photo. But it gets me wonder what you mentioned before, that your role was to lay those ideas on the board as pictures, right? Did it happen often that you asked participants to come to the board and represent something by themselves without them being scared of, you know, putting a picture on the board by themselves without your support.
After a while it happened. But initially, people were reticent. And that’s why they had a set of people who were skilled, so that our team of visualizers could be there on hand to do what was needed proficiently. But after a while, people got up and did it by themselves. And it was, of course, very empowering. And I think people will always remember that their first experience inside what we call an Accelerated Solutions Environment.
Yeah, because I can imagine that’s scary to many, you know, to come to the board, just recreate something with a simple drawing. How do you deal with this? anxiety and fear?
Well, if you’re if you’ve got the spark of motivation in you, then you realise that it’s really critical to see this question as an empowering question. How do you see this right? Or what does this look like to you? And it doesn’t really matter whether it’s a pretty drawing, and, and or beautiful. What, what matters is that you represent something authentically for another person.
Right. But then again, people can push back and I can imagine them saying: no, I don’t do drawings!
Anybody can do this. And we all know that anybody can do that. And the magic of that visual brain that I was describing earlier, is that that visual brain instantly. And of course, recognises that as a human being. So we can either leave it at that, or we can start to you know, embellish it. Yeah, it represents it symbolises a person. But again, it’s not about being an artist, right? Not at all. No, not at all. It’s about coming from here to hear that other people can share it, and interact with it, and then modify it or ask questions about it. That’s the important thing is that we’re looking at something. And that is that becomes a shared common experience.
What is important is that this community gets created during a workshop or a meeting, where people want to share and want to participate contribute to the board, right.
Yeah, I think that, that requires a certain safety zone, right, that requires a certain experience or expectation that people feel safe doing that.
And so let’s talk about that, that safety factor for a moment now. Because eventually what I’d like us to do is to arrive at conditions that are essential for creating this, you know, engagement and meaningful interaction between participants.
It’s really psychological and emotional safety, which is social. Right? Right. So if we, if we, if we break that down and look at what makes that possible, I think sort of three things make that possible.
The first thing is that who’s at the table? (Draws on the whiteboard) that’s very sloppy. I’m sorry.
That’s fine, we have talked about this, it’s just-in-time drawing, that’s fine. Yes. We’re not artists here, that’s not about it. Right?
Right, we have a certain amount of rapport, or things in common, we may be from the same place, or we have the same aims or goals or intended outcomes, that we share the same overall context, we’ll come back to that later. So that’s, that’s one really important thing is that we have enough rapport between us. And the second thing I would say is that is do we have a certain amount of respect for each other, okay. Which means that we mutually think, well, that person has a right to be here, or I know why that person is here. Maybe I respect your skills, and you respect my skills, or respect each other’s time, there has to be that mutuality. Because that’s going to lead moment by moment by moment, layer by layer, action by action to the third, the third piece, which is trust, which is as, as we know, it’s a very delicate, fragile condition, trust, we, we do build that moment, by moment, and it can be erased in moments. And so I think the thing that we want to be aware of is the thing that erases trust or that undermines trust, is something we could call judgement, or specifically negative judgement. Which is, you know, criticising, making something wrong, dismissing it, not not being accepting of it. And when it comes to people representing things on the board, on a common space, or in a common Canvas, we need to be very open and very fluid and very non judgmental and accepting of whatever people do to encourage that trust, and therefore, that social and psychological safety. And there’s a lot of ways to do that. I have to laugh at myself a lot. That also is an element of creating trust and psychological safety is that we’re willing to be human, and make mistakes, and laugh at ourselves and be spontaneous, and not be constrained and rigid, because that’s not going to help you at all. But she uses humour a lot, right? During those meetings, also to help yourself building this safety.
Tell us some more how you do that?
Well, I think it’s sometimes humour but not necessarily making a joke. It’s being light. It’s being spontaneous. It’s being in the moment, you know, fluid with people so that you can grab a moment when it occurs. And Lighten up, you know, who doesn’t appreciate laughter?
We even have a diagram. Yes, that comes out of a book. And you know that diagram by heart?
I can try to recreate it quickly. So it’s that you have an I’m going to do that with just my finger. Right? On the opposite side, you have the anchor, which represents the forces of gravity, and on the other side, you have a balloon, which represents what we call lightness, lightness, the levity. So you can offset the weight of the world, and what have you, with a bit of sense of humour that we call levity. And it’s actually a diagram that we took from the book “Humor, seriously”. . It’s a good one, isn’t it? Yes.
And I love how you got the movement in here as well. It shows how phenomenal these these tools are.
Let’s talk about it. Because so far, we spoke about the importance of visuals during regular meetings. But what about those remote conversations like the one we have now?
I think it’s always appropriate to start with a big picture or to seven context. Make this big picture. more clear. Yeah. When we start with a big picture, particularly because everybody understands a map, we understand the destination. And if we start using the tools right away, and we get into the visualisation, then it leaves less to wonder about because we know where people are going, and where they’re coming from. We don’t have to do such a huge job of interpreting and wondering, why is this meaningful to me? Why how is this relevant? How am I going to use this? We can get to those key questions faster when we show people the big picture, and we show them what our destination is in that big picture.
So in a way, you’re creating a map for a conversation, right?
Yeah, because we, we all understand maps, they’re part of the toolset, right? As clarity seeking creatures. And whether it’s a map, or a spreadsheet, or a diagram, we can make sense of something faster. Because of our pattern recognition rock and make sense of something faster, we can retain it more meaningfully, we can classify we can do so much more, when things are in visual form. Right. And that isn’t to exclude anything verbal. I mean, I always need somebody to tell me, you know, here we are over here. Because it could take a while to find out. But if somebody says we’re over here, or that’s our destination, and here’s where we’re coming from, then I can zoom right in. I mean, sometimes figuratively, sometimes, literally. And I could see all the detail in between. And that builds credibility and trust. And it helps people move, get forward faster. Well, a lot more momentum can be built that way.
Being devil’s advocate, I’d say you know, you’re a pro, and you know how to use those tools, and you’re very proficient, creating or recreating something on the board during a call like this, but others might not be so good with their computers or tablets they’re using during the conversation, and how do you engage them? So they’re not only passively taking in information during the call, but also contribute to the board?
Well, if we start with, you know, we start with that, that question of what does that look like to you? Right? That encourages people to either represent something for themselves, even if it’s simple as as, as writing a word. Because we all can do that, right? And we can all create a circle, right? We can all create a triangle, when we put these things together, we can all draw a line.
With these basics, we continue to ask the question, what does that look like to you? Okay, what’s your big picture? What are the elements that make up what you think of are the conditions for this journey, let’s say, right, you know, part of what makes us human going back to clarity seeking creatures that we are, we’d love to tell stories, we love to make things up, we love to provide ourselves with explanations. And to that degree, we need those stories. They help explain our, our world and our behaviour and what’s happening when we can’t always see what’s happening. So we can fill a board very, very fast once we operate on the basis of I want to hear from everybody, we need to hear from everybody, even if all you’re doing is highlighting a word and saying yeah, I agree with that. It’s easier to do.
So when you are with someone in the same room and you’re using a napkin it’s easier than using computers or tablets. With them it’s a little bit more difficult. So how those skills can be learned telling me, Davi?
I think you’re hinting at the course that we created, called, called Visual Supercharge
Yes, yes, we did. So tell us about it?
Well, this course is only four and a half hours long, roughly in length. It’s divided into 17 really easy to watch episodes. And it’s a it’s a demonstration and exploration, something like what people saw here today, of all these concepts and the tools and the skills and various situations that we suggest the tools and skills can be applied to because really it’s all about application. You know, the tools by themselves won’t do anything for you. The skills have to be applied to real world challenging situations like how can our meetings be more engaging, more productive, more, more fun, more creative. Those are real challenges, because we’re all annoyed, frustrated by a meeting or a conversation, even that is unproductive, and doesn’t really allow a deeper authentic connection, where we’re just maybe going through the motions and throwing out a lot of terminology and a lot of concepts. And we’re not fully tracking with each other. And that, you know, that that ability to follow along and get somewhere is really important.
And if we don’t feel that at the end of a conversation, we say to ourselves, Well, that was a waste of time. Yeah. And when we do start someplace and end up in a different place, and we feel like we’ve made progress, we think, and we feel that was great.
What I like about the course is that it was created remotely. The entire course we it’s, it’s something we recorded over the course of a few months, without even meet each other.
We certainly didn’t share our geography. We clearly aren’t the same age, you speak three languages I speak one. There were a lot of things that were fortunately we shared English. And I appreciate the fact that English is your third round
And we share language of visuals.
That’s what we shared, we share this deep passion for for using visuals, but I think was I think it’s also a deep passion for and I’m just gonna write that word. Uh huh. For empowering people. We can look at the visuals but I think it’s the empowerment that comes to people when they use this ability that we have — our ability to see to visualise and to imagine amounts to almost a superpower. It is under utilised. And I think we both feel that.
And I think you’re right, and that the report is the key word here. So yes, we just decided at some point that we need to do this, we need to share what we know about the techniques, the tools, the ways methods and record that for others to use. So here’s the address — dvl.expert
If you’d like if you’re interested in the course that DVL dot expert for you the courses. That’s the title visual supercharge online course. Because as you just said, we think of using visuals as a form of super power.
Yeah. So join us, share a canvas, let that spark come into you. Because that spark, when you’re empowered, will probably change your ability to become even more effective influencer.
Right, David, thanks for sharing your thoughts on that topic. And it was great not only to listen to you, but also to see your thoughts laid out on this board. So thank you one more time.
Well, you’re welcome
It was great to work with you on that course.
For us it’s play. And that’s really what we want. Everyone listening to feel like this power is meant to be explored and experimented with and, and, and use as much as possible.
But shouldn’t conversation really be more playful? It’s easier to convey your points that way don’t you to think. Yeah, so we encourage you trying that and let us know what you think. But for the time being. Thanks, David, for sharing your thoughts with us.
You’re entirely welcome
Here are the resources we discussed during our conversation:
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- Based on long-term research and testing of the creative thinking process, The Creative Thinking Handbook helps to generate more ideas and find brilliant solutions for any professional challenge.Jul 7, 2019
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- "Skin in the Game” provides a meta guide to risk exposure and how the fragility works. It’s not so much exploration of strategies for dealing with uncertainty, it’s more of a deep intellectual dive into origins of thinking about risks and its impact on politics, businesses, belief systems - across different magnitudes of scale.Jul 4, 2019
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- Drawing on a vast body of experimental research, Iain McGilchrist argues that the left brain makes for a wonderful servant, while the right side takes the position of the more reliable and insightful master.Mar 26, 2019
- Intellectual impresario, John Brockman, assembles twenty-five of the most important scientific minds, for an unparalleled round-table examination about the mind, thinking, intelligence and what it means to be human.Feb 19, 2019
- The book delivers an abundance of information, insights, and counsel on, what Shoshana calls, the darkening of the digital age. It is about the challenges to humanity posed by the digital future, and un unprecedented new form of power.Jan 30, 2019
- Smith and Wilson show how Adam Smith's model of sociality can re-humanize twenty-first century economics by undergirding it with sentiments, fellow feeling, and a sense of propriety - the stuff of which human relationships are built.Jan 24, 2019
- Douglas Rushkoff wrote this book to help as many people as possible who now struggle in the world of today. It feels as if civilization itself were on the brink, and that we lack the collective willpower and coordination necessary to address issues of the very survival of our species." He then asserts, "It doesn't have to be this way."Jan 22, 2019
- A set of practical strategies to embrace differences and work successfully across increasingly diverse business cultures. Publication coming from a chairman of an international institute of cross-cultural training with offices in over 30 countries and founder of the quarterly magazine Cross CultureDec 18, 2018
- On how China caught AI fever and implemented government goals (with benchmarks) for 2020, 2025 in an attempt to become the world center of AI innovation by 2030.Sep 25, 2018
- We have less and less time to think, less and less time to get in sync with what's happening. We cannot trust conventional wisdom to guide us. The book explores explores six conversational capabilities that we can cultivate to navigate uncertaintySep 25, 2018
- Visual Consulting: Designing & Leading Change shows how visual practice can combine with dialogue and change methods to get more creative and sustainable results. The practices can be applied to organizational and diverse, cross-boundary consulting projects.Sep 17, 2018
- the postmodern moment was a necessary one, or will have been if we rise to the occasion to arrive at a new and more textured humanism.Sep 6, 2018
- The subject of causation has preoccupied philosophers at least since Aristotle. The absence, however, of an accepted scientific approach to analyzing cause and effect is not merely of historical or theoretical interest. The book covers how understanding causality has revolutionized science so far and will revolutionize AI.May 15, 2018
- Bringing together economics and conflict resolution, counselling and mindfulness, Kofman provides a leadership framework that is counterintuitive to the regular MBA practices but based on a very firm foundation - the meaning.May 1, 2018
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- One of the best books on management, tasks, goals and their measurement. Full of stories from successful companies (like Google).Apr 24, 2018
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- Regarded as one of the most important works in the social sciences in decades, Cultural Evolution argues that people's values and behavior are shaped by the degree to which survival is secure.Mar 1, 2018
- Data is replacing money as the driver of market behavior. Big finance and big companies will be replaced by small groups and individual actors who make markets instead of making thingsFeb 27, 2018
- Steven Pinker argues that humanism (a reasoned commitment to maximizing human flourishing), science, and democracy have resulted in substantial, measurable human progress over the last 500 years.Feb 13, 2018
- An essential primer on a rapidly emerging Internet-of-Things concept, focusing on human-centric applications. An indispensable resource for researchers and app developers eager to explore HiTL concepts and include them in their designs.Feb 5, 2018
- The Qualified Self offers a new perspective on how social media users construct and distribute 'self-portraits' through media technologies. A truly original revision of 'mediated memories' and a much-needed update to the age of connectivity.Feb 3, 2018
- The book brings together research on various topics of limited reach that, when combined, speak to the outrageous gall of the mind in recreating reality to its own liking, and then covering its tracks.Dec 1, 2017
- Scientific management asked us to be efficient. Now, we are asked to be agile. But what does this mean for the everyday lives we lead?Sep 21, 2017
- The book investigate how visual and material features of early English books, documents, and other artefacts support - or potentially contradict - the linguistic featuresSep 14, 2017
- The book challenges the traditional beliefs on employee engagement and traditionalist leadership. It explains why it is time to move on and take on alternative takes on employee engagement.Sep 1, 2017
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- The Art of Philosophy: Visual Thinking in Europe from the Late Renaissance to the Early EnlightenmentDelving into the intersections between artistic images and philosophical knowledge in Europe from the late sixteenth to the early eighteenth centuries, The Art of Philosophy shows that the making and study of visual art functioned as important methods of philosophical thinking and instruction.Feb 28, 2017
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- The Qualified Self offers an excellent overview of the breadth and depth of issues related to self-tracking cultures.Apr 1, 2016
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- Data-ism: The Revolution Transforming Decision Making, Consumer Behavior, and Almost Everything ElseData-ism is about this next phase, in which vast, Internet-scale data sets are used for discovery and prediction in virtually every fieldMay 10, 2015
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- The first book to name, characterize and consolidate a wide array of current critical, theoretical, and philosophical approaches in decentering the human in favor of a concert for the nonhuman in the humanities and social sciences.Mar 9, 2015
- The interplay between culture through language and practices presents new insights in the importance of combining cognitive semantics with cognitive anthropologyDec 12, 2014
- A goldmine of historical and contemporary case studies with which readers are invited to visualise the complexity of self-representation practices and artefacts.Oct 2, 2014
- The volume systematically presents cultural-historical psychology as an integrative/holistic developmental science of mind, brain, and culture.Sep 30, 2014
- If perception is real - what this reality means for a subject? Wiesing's methods chart a markedly new path in contemporary perception theory. As part of the argument, he provides a succinct but comprehensive survey of the philosophy of images.Aug 28, 2014
- A comprehensive, up-to-date analysis of research and theory in the field, with a focus on computer-based learning.Jul 28, 2014
- In the longer run biological human brains might cease to be the predominant nexus of Earthly intelligence. It is possible that one day we may be able to create ʺsuperintelligenceʺ: a general intelligence that vastly outperforms the best human brains in every significant cognitive domain.Jul 3, 2014
- A book that illustrates the misunderstandings that can arise from clashing cultural assumptionsMay 27, 2014
- A timeline of capsule biographies on key figures in the development of the tree diagram containing more that two hundred tree diagramsApr 8, 2014
- Ben Horowitz, cofounder of Andreessen Horowitz and one of Silicon Valley's most respected and experienced entrepreneurs, offers essential advice on building and running a startupMar 4, 2014
- Probably the most influential management book of this decade, inspiring to take a radical leap and adopt a whole different set of management principles and practices.Feb 9, 2014
- Marketing and Selling Disruptive Products to Mainstream Customers. The book illustrates existence of a vast chasm between the early adopters and the early majority in the Technology Adoption Life CycleJan 28, 2014
- The explanation of the technolgy revolution that is overturning the world’s economies.Jan 20, 2014
- On how to incorporate sketchnoting techniques into your note-taking process--regardless of your artistic abilities--to help you better process the information that you are hearing and seeing through drawing, and to actually have fun taking notes.Dec 31, 2013
- An interdisciplinary examination of the history and the state of the art of the quest for visualizing scientific knowledge and the dynamics of its development.Jul 30, 2013
- Managing Information Quality: Increasing the Value of Information in Knowledge-intensive Products and ProcessesThe book examines ways in which the quality of information can be improved in knowledge-intensive processes (such as on-line communication, strategy, product development, or consultingJun 5, 2013
- Using a list of more than 2,000 successful innovations the book explores these insights to diagnose patterns of innovation, and to evaluate how firms are performing against competitors. The framework has proven to be one of the most enduring and useful ways to start process of transformation.Apr 15, 2013
- How the concentration of data and distribution of risk by those who own the data creates a significant risk to our capitalist based economy and over the long term to the very companies that create the situation.Mar 7, 2013
- Big data is about predictions. Academic Mayer-Schönberger and editor Cukier consider big data the new ability to crunch vast collections of information and draw conclusions from it.Mar 5, 2013
- On how the digital universe exploded in the aftermath of the WWII, the nature of digital computers, an how code took over the world by storm.Dec 9, 2012
- An intellectual journey through the world of "outliers"--the best and the brightest, the most famous and the most successful. He asks the question: what makes high-achievers different?Jun 7, 2011
- Making Thinking Visible: How to Promote Engagement, Understanding, and Independence for All LearnersVisible Thinking is a research-based approach to teaching thinking, begun at Harvard's Project Zero, that develops students' thinking dispositions, while at the same time deepening their understanding of the topics they study.May 3, 2011
- The research, experiences from the field, vignettes, and work. A book that links research and practice and shows the true impact of a specific instructional approach on student learningJan 28, 2011
- The first book to take a systematic theoretical approach to all of the central issues of literacy, including decoding, comprehension, and memoryDec 1, 2010
- The book explains authors' thinking on Mincrosoft MyLifeBits project predating the "Quantified Self" and "Internet of Things" movementsOct 26, 2010
- Collection of essays on new thinking about matter and processes of materialization centered around reworking older materialist traditions, contemporary theoretical debates, and advances in scientific knowledge to address pressing ethical and political challenges.Sep 9, 2010
- The introduction to Senge's carefully integrated corporate framework, which is structured around "personal mastery," "mental models," "shared vision," and "team learning."Apr 30, 2010
- A masterful work by two leading economists on some of the biggest issues in economics: economic growth, human capital, and inequality. There are fundamental insights in the book, not just about our past but also our future.Mar 30, 2010
- A comprehensive perspective on the micro- and macroeconomics of innovation. The book breaks new ground in identifying and analyzing the key ingredients driving economic growth.Jan 24, 2010
- The Universal Principles of Design is a resource to increase cross-disciplinary knowledge and understanding of design. The concepts broadly referred to as “principles,” consist of laws, guidelines, human biases, and general design considerations.Jan 1, 2010
- A collection of studies on the image offers both a case for the importance of image studies and a broad introduction to this area of philosophical enquiry in which author implies that "the image opens up a view on reality liberated from the constraints of physics"Dec 3, 2009
- The book recognizes that the future of economic well being in today's knowledge and information society rests upon the effectiveness of schools and corporations to empower their people to be more effective learners and knowledge creators.Nov 26, 2009
- The Ego Tunnel provides a stunningly original take on the conscious self, explaining it as the content of a model created by our brain.Sep 2, 2009
- Creative geniuses can be both a boon and a bane in the workplace, so getting the most of these extraordinary minds can be slippery for everyone involved.May 12, 2021
- The minds of biological creatures occupy a small corner of a much larger space of possible minds that could be created once we master the AI. A sensible approach requires reforms of our moral norms and institutions along with advance planning regarding what kinds of digital minds we bring into existence.Apr 18, 2021
- “The best online whiteboard for teaching – how …Feb 24, 2021
- Self-talk as a contribution to motivation and emotional regulation, with some higher cognitive functions such as developing metacognition and reasoning.Dec 28, 2020
- To allow a neural net to process the symbols like a mathematician mathematical expressions were translated into more useful tree- forms. This process parallels how people solve integrals — and really all math problemsMay 22, 2020
- Interaction with “representations” on a whiteboard canvas can trigger learning processes. This phenomenon has been extensively observed and documented in child development.Apr 24, 2020
- Until just recently, mobile digital whiteboards seemed like an optional, cool gadget. But now that flights have been canceled and schools closed, digital whiteboards have suddenly become a necessity within an important scope of business activities.Mar 22, 2020
- A look at three scenarios in which remote communication can be supported by a whiteboard for learning and teaching as well as conducting organizational business.Mar 4, 2020
- How religion will be newly shaped with the advent of technology? A look at the various religions that have started relying on technology in today’s digital age.Feb 28, 2020
- Visuals enhance text-based communication. They provide a better way to spread ideas, explain concepts, and processes. No need to be a master designer. Here’s how you can share your observations visually in a very simple yet engaging way.Feb 27, 2020
- Demystify the learning process with the help of Explain Everything WhiteboardFeb 10, 2020
- A Spanish scientist records all his activities so he can learn how to live more effectively. But what do you gain from forensically tracking every part of your day?Dec 2, 2019
- There is currently no single definition of new materialism but at least three distinct trajectories with one common commitment to problematize the anthropocentric and constructivists orientation.Nov 23, 2019
- Practicing sketchnoting in the classroom for thinking visuallyNov 3, 2019
- Instead of forcing visual thinkers into textual thinking, we need to see the world differently and develop critical thinking skills [eSchool News article]Aug 8, 2019
- The conventional wisdom says we can expect a more centralized structure. The author says the conventional wisdom has it wrong.Apr 1, 2019
- What is this tradition of explaining thinking by representing the brain as a computer, an object grounded in the mathematical logic?Feb 15, 2019
- In not so distant future algorithms running on your smartphone will have capacity for empathy. The devices will soon appear to read your mental states. What would be your reaction?Jan 29, 2019
- Why it is worth paying attention to the article of Erik Brynjolfsson and Tom Mitchell (Science Dec 22, 2018) and what it changes when discussing effects of AI on the job market.Jan 22, 2019
- Quanta Magazine by Jordana Cepelewicz, Jan 14, 2019Jan 20, 2019
- Inquiry into what is missing for Artificial Intelligence to learn like a child. Article from Vol 360 of Science (May 2018, Issue 6391)Jul 8, 2018
- Participants monitored a monotonous mock telephone message. Half of the group was randomly assigned to a ‘doodling’ condition where they shaded printed shapes while listening to the telephone call. The doodling group performed better on the monitoring task and recalled 29% more information on a surprise memory test.Jun 4, 2018
- The Chinese government plans to launch its Social Credit System in 2020. The aim? To judge the trustworthiness – or otherwise – of its 1.3 billion residentsOct 9, 2017
- A survey of existing AI uses suggests a distinction between weak and strong versions of cognitive symbiosis. Article introduces Strong Cognitive Symbiosis with goal to produce software systems whose interactions with people are optimized to identified weaknesses in human, as well as machine cognition.Sep 14, 2017
- Daniel Miessler’s reaction to the final chapters of Homo Deus by Yuval Noah Harari that talks about the concept of Dataism.Apr 7, 2017
- His history of humankind, Sapiens, was an international best seller. Now Yuval Noah Harai is back with a big new idea: DataismSep 1, 2016
- Journal-based science communication is not accessible or comprehensible to a general public. We propose an alternative medium for scientists to communicate their work to the general public in an engaging and digestible way through the use of whiteboard videos.Apr 1, 2016
- The comparison of CPAC creativity scores of different business majors yielded unexpected results. The article offers recommendations for business curriculum.Mar 6, 2015
- David Brooks article that popularized the notion of dataism, focused around ability of data to illuminate unnoticed patterns of human behavior.Feb 5, 2013
- How creativity is both nurtured and thwarted when people team up. „Everything . . . is infused with banality. Who is using whom here?''Jul 25, 2012
- Visual representation has been shown to encourage constructive strategies. Inventing representations (including drawings) acts as preparation for future learning. The growing interest in drawing reflects new understandings of science as a multimodal discursive practice, as well as mounting evidence for its value in supporting quality learning.Aug 26, 2011
- What happens when technology can analyze every quotidian thing that happened to you today.Apr 30, 2010
- Summary of research that examined how students learn Science with an interactive whiteboard that support a range of multi- modal representation typesMar 3, 2010
- What are the tools of cognition for teachers to use to directly facilitate the specific thinking skills of apprentice learners so they move from being novice thinkers to expert thinkers?Jan 1, 2009
- The article sketches an overview of some recent attempts to arrive at a realistic mode of futuristic thought, and it offers a brief discussion of four families of scenarios for humanity’s future: extinction, recurrent collapse, plateau, and posthumanity.Dec 12, 2007
- HBR article based on a research into team behavior that illustrated, that the same four qualities required for success are the same qualities that undermine success. Also, about creating cooperative “gift culture” instead of “tit-for-tat culture.” and ways of modeling collaborative behavior.Nov 15, 2007
- This survey defines such systems as “personal knowledge bases," for managing the personal, subjective knowledge.Aug 18, 2005
- 2005 review of the the concept of knowledge visualization, background of the discipline and potential aplication fieldsJul 28, 2005
- For every year that development of technology and colonization of the universe is delayed, there is therefore an opportunity cost: a potential good, lives worth living, is not being realized.Apr 18, 2003
- Cognitive Comparative Advantage and the Organization of Work: Lessons from Herbert Simon’s Vision of the FutureInspired by Simon’s 1960 paper, article weaves many other strands into the tapestry, from classical discussions of the division of labor to present-day evolutionary psychology.Sep 9, 2002
- The ‘visual turn' in communication, forces to consider visual presentation of information together with linguistics. This article presents on what empirical grounds exists in the study of mulimodal meaning-makingApr 29, 2002
- Real, personal identity springs from the capacity of human beings to resist dehumanizing ideological and collectivist abstractions and counter them with free acts of their own invention.Feb 3, 2000
- In the new product development (NPD) unacceptably high failure rates have often been related to insufficiencies during the early development phases. Nevertheless, only little effort is devoted to the early phases, and managers often indicate the front end as being one of the greatest weaknesses in product innovationJan 19, 1999
- “Consider a future device … in which an individual stores all his books, records, and communications (..) an enlarged intimate supplement to his memory.”Jul 18, 1945
- Visionary article that explicates a desire for a sort of collective memory machine with concept of the memex that would make knowledge more accessible, believing that it would initiate knowledge explosionMay 19, 1945
- The article builds a bridge between the Gestalt principles in human perception (describing how visual elements are interpreted) and convolutional neural networks modeling. It suggests that a single principle - adoption to the statistical structure of the environment might suffice to explain perceptual mechanisms.Apr 9, 2021
- A multi-modal framework that integrates a spatial-aware self-attention mechanism into the Transformer architectureDec 29, 2020
- An important warning about the use of simplistic historical arguments to undergird innovation where the notion of ideal users conflicted with existing paradigms.Apr 22, 2020
- Use of Explain Everything as a modeling tool in mobile learning to increase confidence and proficiency in comprehension and understandingSep 18, 2019
- Albert Hirschman’s originality lies in his general approach to problem-solving which is hidden behind the complexity of his oeuvre. This article intends to disentangle the intricacies of his work and to reveal his specific mode of investigation.Jul 9, 2019
- Empirical investigation of the drivers of growth must shift down to a more microeconomic level. policy choices at the local level affect growth. Both theory and empirics need to downshift to the microeconomic level if we are to make advances in identifying specific means of encouraging innovation and growth.Jul 7, 2019
- Illustration how Technology Foresight can have a tangible impact on strategic planning and priority-setting of organizations that spend money on science and technology.Jul 7, 2019
- Religion for Machines: Humanism and Dataism as Perspectives on the Design of Machine Learning SystemsThis paper introduces Dataism and Humanism positions in an attempt to situate the ideas within HCI, for the purpose of uncovering potentials to inform perspectives in human-centered machine learning.May 1, 2019
- A new language representation model called BERT: Bidirectional Encoder Representations from Transformers.BERT is conceptually simple and empirically powerful. It obtains new state-of-the-art results on eleven natural language processing tasksOct 11, 2018
- The chapter from "Oxford Handbook of Group Creativity and Innovation" that reviews the extensive literature on brainstorming to determine potential best practices.Jul 24, 2018
- In this paper, DeepLayout, a new approach to page layout analysis is presented. Previous work divides the problem into unsupervised segmentation and classification. Instead of a step-wise method, we adopt semantic segmentation which is an end-to-end trainable deep neural network. Our proposed segmenta- tion model takes only document image as input and predicts per pixel saliency maps.Jul 23, 2018
- Computational modeling is deservedly successful in cognitive (neuro)science. Its successes are related to deep conceptual connections between cognition and computation. Computationalism is not only here to stay despite outdated formulations that rely on mechanistic account of physical computation.Jul 2, 2018
- The article provides a systematic descriptive and analytical study on the China’s Social Credit System ProjectJun 30, 2018
- The Race between Man and Machine: Implications of Technology for Growth, Factor Shares, and EmploymentThis paper is a first step in developing a conceptual framework to study how machines replace human labor and why this might (or might not) lead to lower employment and stagnant wages.Jun 14, 2018
- The method to map unaligned videos from multiple sources to a common representation using self-supervised objectives constructed over both time and modality (i.e. vision and sound). The embedding of YouTube videos to construct a reward function that encourages an agent to imitate human gameplayMay 29, 2018
- The article puts forward ULMFiT, effective transfer learning method that can be applied to any task in NLP. With only 100 labeled examples, it matches the performance of training from scratch on 100x more data and reduces error by 18-24% on the state-of-the-art on six text classification tasksMay 23, 2018
- Semi-supervised learning (SSL) based on deep neural networks have recently proven successful on standard benchmark tasks. Baselines which do not use unlabeled data is often underreported, SSL methods differ in sensitivity to the amount of labeled and unlabeled data, and performance can degrade substantially when the unlabeled dataset contains out-of- distribution examples. To help guide SSL research towards real-world applicability, we make our unified reimplemention and evaluation platform publicly available.Apr 24, 2018
- Use of Explain Everything as a modeling tool in mobile learning to increase confidence and proficiency in comprehension and understandingMar 26, 2018
- Articles proposes a new simple network architecture, the Transformer, based solely on attention mechanisms, dispensing with recurrence and convolutions entirely. The model achieves 28.4 BLEU on the WMT 2014 English- to-German translation task, improving over the existing best results, including ensembles, by over 2 BLEU. The Transformer also generalizes well to other tasks.Dec 15, 2017
- A general framework for few-shot learning. The method, called the Relation Network (RN), is trained end-to-end from scratch. Besides providing improved performance on few-shot learning, our framework is easily extended to zero-shot learning.Nov 16, 2017
- Teaching using an Interactive Whiteboard does not indicate dialogic interaction, according to the current study. The questions about the place and role of the IWB are asked. The answer would seem to lie in the teachers' perceptional change in respect of interaction and learning.Aug 20, 2017
- Popular models that learn word representations ignore the morphology of words, by assigning a distinct vector to each word. Article proposes a new approach based on the skipgram model, where each word is represented as a bag of character n-grams. A vector representation is associated to each character n-gram; words being represented as the sum of these representations.Jun 19, 2017
- Review of the the concepts, applications and development of technology adoption modelsApr 5, 2017
- The article documents improvements in final examination performance as benefits from using student-generated screencast assignments. THe method supported development of creativity, communication and multimedia skills.Nov 28, 2016
- The effects of whiteboard animations on retention and subjective experiences when learning advanced physics topicsWhiteboard animations have a positive effect on retention, engagement and enjoyment, although we do not rule out the possibility that some of this result is due to novelty.May 16, 2016
- We walk the line: Icons provisional appearances on virtual whiteboards trigger elaborative dialogue and creativityParticipants monitored a monotonous mock telephone message. Half of the group was randomly assigned to a ‘doodling’ condition where they shaded printed shapes while listening to the telephone call. The doodling group performed better on the monitoring task and recalled 29% more information on a surprise memory test.Apr 19, 2016
- Contemporary cultural forms involve more than the perceptual system of sight and more than visual images as a communicative mode. Meaning is made through an interaction of different communicative modes.Dec 21, 2015
- Deeper neural networks are more difficult to train. We present a residual learning framework to ease the training of networks that are substantially deeper than those used previously. We explicitly reformulate the layers as learning residual functions with reference to the layer inputs, instead of learning unreferenced functions. Solely due to our extremely deep representations, we obtain a 28% relative improvement on the COCO object detection dataset.Dec 10, 2015
- The benefit of creating drawings of to-be-remembered information relative to writing was examined as a mnemonic strategy. We propose that drawing improves memory by encouraging a seamless integration of semantic, visual, and motor aspects of a memory trace.Aug 31, 2015
- The article reviews 42 studies investigating the role of sequencing of text and pictures for learning outcomes. It is not so much the sequence of text and pictures per se that affects learning outcomes than boundary conditions (i.e., type of assessed knowledge, relative complexity. The relative complexity of information conveyed by the picture and by the text should determine which medium is better to be processed first, with less complex information being processed first leading to better comprehension.Jul 15, 2015
- The research of the reasons why automation has not wiped out a majority of jobs over the decades and centuries. How recent and future advances in artificial intelligence and robotics should shape our thinking about the likely trajectory of occupational change and employment growthJun 10, 2015
- Information Visualization techniques are built on a context with many factors related to both vision and cognition, making it difficult to draw a clear picture of how data visually turns into comprehension. In the intent of promoting a better picture, here, we survey concepts on vision, cognition, and Information Visualization organized in a theorization named Visual Expression Process.May 26, 2015
- Understanding the impact of visual representation restrictiveness on experience sharing: An experimental assessmentThe study investigates the effects of the restrictiveness of visuals on the communication process and outcome in small groups. Visual restrictiveness is conceived as the constraints imposed by a graphic template on the process of knowledge work.Jan 7, 2015
- The pedagogical problem addressed in this paper relates to how student engagement can be increased by improving the content and the way the lecture is communicated through the use of technology. Paper presents an innovative way to deliver lectures in the higher education setting through the use of an iPad and a unique presentation application, called Explain Everything.Oct 18, 2014
- The article deconstructs the ideological grounds of datafication. Datafication is rooted in problematic ontological and epistemological claims. As part of a larger social media logic, it shows characteristics of a widespread secular belief.May 9, 2014
- An inherent limitation of word representations is their indifference to word order and their inability to represent idiomatic phrases. Article presents a simple method for finding phrases in text, and show that learning good vector representations for millions of phrases is possible.Oct 16, 2013
- The authors replicate findings of research on candidate genes for creativity with findings, at present, that the genetic base of creativity remains unclear.Mar 24, 2013
- The study on the effect of distance on medium preferences in interpersonal communication. Words are preferred over richer, picture-based forms when communicating with distal others, whereas proximity cues people to use visual, imagery-based, embodied representations.Oct 4, 2012
- The experimental evidence of the power of using strategic link formation and dissolution, and the network modification it entails, to stabilize cooperation in sizable groupsNov 29, 2011
- Human brain changes across the life span: A review of 56 longitudinal magnetic resonance imaging studiesWhat are the stages of the whole brain volume changes during life (growth until 13, adulthood of 13-35 and then gradual brain tissue loss after age of 35)Sep 13, 2011
- The overview of history of man-computer symbiosis conception which is closely related to the idea of human cognitive enhancement and human intelligence amplification.Jan 6, 2011
- Demonstration of cross modality feature learning, where better features for one modality (e.g., video) can be learned if multiple modalities (e.g., audio and video) are present at feature learning time.Jan 1, 2011
- A defence of the classical computational account of reasoning against a range of highly influential objections, some of them being not really objections but rather hard research issues.Sep 9, 2010
- Reasoning depends on envisaging the possibilities consistent with the starting point. We construct mental models of each distinct possibility and derive conclusions from them. On this account, reasoning is a simulation of the world fleshed out with our knowledge.Sep 2, 2010
- The article attempts to provide a new way to understand construction of human’s mental model of an information-rich resource. This methodological challenge has been undertaken to fight lack of empirical researchJun 14, 2010
- The paper examines visual metaphors presented using interactive multimedia as a means of helping students build connections between an arithmetic procedure and their existing conceptual knowledgeJun 7, 2010
- Creative people's ability to adjusting their focus of attention as a function of task demands (between defocused attention for high ambiguity of a task to a focused one)Oct 31, 2009
- Examination of individuals’ computing adoption processes through the lenses of three adoption theories: innovation diffusion theory, the Concerns-Based Adoption, the Technology Acceptance Model, and the United Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology.Jun 11, 2009
- The picture superiority effect in recognition memory: A developmental study using the response signal procedureThe study examined the development of picture superiority effect in recognition memory in groups ranging in age from 7 to 20 years. The picture superiority effect showed a clear developmental trend.May 21, 2009
- The paper surves the current state of the art in cognitive enhancement methods and consider their prospects for the near-term futureMar 25, 2009
- Participants monitored a monotonous mock telephone message. Half of the group was randomly assigned to a ‘doodling’ condition where they shaded printed shapes while listening to the telephone call. The doodling group performed better on the monitoring task and recalled 29% more information on a surprise memory test.Feb 27, 2009
- Paper introduces CATLM - Cognitive–Affective Theory of Learning with Media from which five instructional design principles are derived.Jun 22, 2007
- Study of short-term and long-term effects of two kinds of advance organizers in a fully Web-based course with positive (but not inconclusive) benefits in short-term knowledge acquisitionApr 14, 2007
- The article address varying levels of representation in visual language in comparison to the structural make-up of verbal language, to aim toward at what it means to have “visual lexical items” with form-meaning pairings that contribute to the meaningful expressions of visual language.Jan 16, 2007
- The study aims to compare the effects of visual versus verbal metaphors in facilitating novices and experts in the comprehension and construction of mental models.Jan 4, 2006
- Educational Knowledge Domain Visualizations: Tools to navigate, understand, and internalize the structure of scholary knowledgeThe colossal landscape of knowledge is growing at exponential rates and requires representational maps utilizing advanced techniques to provide insight into the structure of knowledge.Jan 5, 2005
- The proximity of team members has potentially important implications for the collaborative working of teams. Using data from 430 team members and team leaders of 145 software development teams, the results of the regression models show that team members' proximity is significantly related to teamwork qualility.Sep 27, 2004
- paper explores the ways in which Wilbur and Orville Wright thought as they tackled the problem of designing and constructing a heavier-than-air craft that would fly under its own power and under their control. They used analogies based on mental models.Jul 28, 2004
- From the evolutionary perspective, one cannot directly sum micro into macro. Instead, an economic system can be conceived as a set of meso units, where each meso consists of a rule and its population of actualizations. The proper analytical structure of evolutionary economics is in terms of micro–meso–macro. The upshot is an ontologically coherent framework for analysis of economic evolution as a growth of knowledge process.Jul 15, 2004
- New model for CMC proposing a negative causal link between „naturalness” and the cognitive effort required to use the medium.Jun 1, 2004
- The analysis suggests that empirical investigation of the drivers of growth must shift down to a more microeconomic level. Using examples from India article suggest that in order to engender growth one need think much more carefully about policy choices at the local level.Apr 1, 2004
- On the super-additive contribution of original breakthrough invention and “mere imitation” and active sharing of IP instead of hoarding it.Jan 1, 2003
- Shepard and Chipman’s second order isomorphism de- scribes how the brain may represent the relations in the world. However, a common interpretation of the theory can cause difficulties. I propose that we assign an active role to the internal representations and relationsJul 13, 2002
- Teamwork Quality and the Success of Innovative Projects: A Theoretical Concept and Empirical EvidenceThe growing awareness, that “good teamwork” increases the success of innovative projects, raises new questions: What is teamwork, and how can it be measured? article develops a comprehensive concept of the collaboration in teams, called Teamwork Quality (TWQ) with its six facets.Aug 1, 2001
- An integration of the CODE Theory of Visual Attention (CTVA) with information foraging theory that could lead to deeper analysis of interaction with visual content.Mar 25, 2001
- Drawing on the Back of an Envelope: a framework for interacting with application programs by freehand drawingDemonstration of capabilities of calligraphic interfaces and freehand drawing to interpret symbolic diagrams in diverse range of apprachesJun 1, 2000
- Article supporting 2 cognitive principles of multimedia learning - the role of modality and contiguityJun 9, 1999
- A research of the conceptual stages of design (typified by vague knowledge and shifting goals) using sketching improved by computer supportOct 8, 1998
- Students with text and illustrations and students who generated their own illustrations performed better on a problem-solving test than students with text only.Sep 1, 1997
- Awareness of the existence of emotional contagion may prove useful in understanding and perhaps advancing various areas of interpersonal communication. People's own emotions were more influenced by the others' nonverbal clues as to what they were really feeling.Jun 1, 1993
- Imaginal coding typically enhances retention. Pictures are remembered better than words; words for which subjects imagine referents are better remembered than words studied without such coding; concrete words are better retained than abstract words; and mnemonic devices employing imagery can produce dramatic effects on retention.Jan 21, 1987
- The facilitative effects of imagery instructions on immediate and long term free recall and clusteringThe effects of imagery on immediate and long term recall and organization (clustering) were studies with regard to hight and low imagery concrete stimulus. It was concluded that imagery is an important factor in free recall and organization nad functions analogously to verbal process.Sep 9, 1977
- Oct 10, 1972
- The first scientific paper on free hand input and line drawings using a computer that opens up a new area of man-machine communication.May 1, 1964